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Equities Market

 

The stock market is a mechanism for channeling funds from investors to companies thereby enabling raising of non-debt funds. Basically, companies avail this source of finance to fulfill their funding requirements. Equities do not carry any fixed coupon, but are rewarded with dividends based on the performance of the company. The risk associated with such investments is higher as compared to debt investments.

The primary market for equities consists of IPO (Initial Public Offerings) by new as well as existing listed companies who are looking to raise funds by offering equity to the public. Apart from the conventional modes, Qualified Institutions’ Placement (QIP) was also used by many listed companies to meet their financing requirements.

In India, trading in the Equity market is facilitated through stock exchanges such as NSE, BSE and MSEI. The exchanges also provide a trading platform for the derivative contracts (futures and options). Generally, trading in securities listed on exchanges is done with the tick size of 5 paise. Separately, to restrict volatility in equities, Circuit Breakers have been introduced. The index-based market-wide circuit breaker system applies at 3 stages of the index movement, either way viz. at 10%, 15% and 20%. These circuit breakers when triggered bring about a coordinated trading halt in all equity and equity derivative markets nationwide. The market-wide circuit breakers are triggered by movement of either the BSE Sensex or the Nifty 50, whichever is breached earlier.

NSE operates on the 'National Exchange for Automated Trading' (NEAT) system, a fully automated screen based trading system, which adopts the principle of an order driven market. Through this technology, members can trade remotely from their offices located in any part of the country. BSE too, provides a separate online platform, BOLT for equity trading. Equity trades are settled on T+2 basis, wherein the counterparty due to make funds payment is required to make it available on T+1 itself. Trading hours for equities segment is from 9.15 am to 3.30 pm on Monday to Friday.

Buoyant secondary market performance, supported by strong macro-economic fundamentals, favorable investment climate and encouraging corporate results, has attracted domestic as well as international investors to Indian equity market. It has also encouraged a number of companies to raise capital from the primary market.

Recently, STCI PD diversified its operations and started trading in Equity and Equity F&O markets. Trading however, is conducted only on proprietary basis.

 
 

Latest News

RBI MPC
In view of the current and evolving macroeconomic situation and the need to provide further liquidity support, MPC voted to reduce the policy repo rate by 40 bps in an unscheduled meeting held on May 22, 2020. Currently the key policy rates stand as follows: Repo Rate: 4.00%, Reverse Repo Rate: 3.35% and Marginal Standing Facility Rate at 4.25%.
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CPI
Due to the Lockdown announced by the government in the wake of the COVID-19 crisis The CPI combined General Index was not published for the month of May-20. However, some major indices have been published with available information.
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Index Of Industrial Production (IIP)
Index for Industrial Production for the month of Apr-20 came in at 56.3 against the index print of 117.7 in Mar-20. However, only the index was released by MOSPI and not the growth rate as most of the responding units for IIP reported zero production in the month of Apr-20.
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WPI
Wholesale Price inflation printed at -3.21% for May-20, much lower than market expectations as compared to the previous reading of 0.42% for Mar-20, as all the three sub-groups showed contraction. WPI index was not published for the month of Apr-20 amid the unavailability of price data due to the nationwide lockdown.
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CFPI
Food inflation (CFPI) tapered a bit from 10.5% to 9.3% mainly on the basis of vegetable price inflation cooling off to single digits at 5.3% YoY for the first time since Aug-19.
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